General Motors Co., one of the world's largest automakers, traces its roots back to 1908. The General Motors-China relationship dates back more than nine decades. GM China's vision is to be the most valued automotive company in China with its partners.
GM has 11 joint ventures and two wholly owned foreign enterprises as well as more than 58,000 employees in China. GM, along with its joint ventures, offers the broadest lineup of vehicles and brands among automakers in China. Products are sold under the Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, Baojun, Wuling and Jiefang nameplates. In 2016, GM and its joint ventures delivered a record 3,870,587 vehicles in China, which was up 7.1 percent from the previous high in 2015. China remained GM’s largest market in terms of retail sales for the fifth consecutive year.
GM (China) Investment Corp. is a wholly owned venture based in Shanghai Municipality that was founded on November 30, 1998. It houses all of GM’s local staff and is an investor in GM’s vehicle joint ventures in China.
GM Warehousing and Trading (Shanghai) Co. Ltd. is located in Shanghai Municipality’s Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone. The wholly owned parts distribution center (PDC) started operation in August 1999. It was established to ensure the quick delivery of genuine GM parts to customers in China.
SAIC General Motors Co., Ltd. (SAIC-GM) is a joint venture between GM and SAIC that was established on June 12, 1997. SAIC-GM has four major manufacturing bases – Jinqiao in Shanghai, Dong Yue in Yantai, Norsom in Shenyang and Wuhan – with eight vehicle plants and four powertrain plants. SAIC-GM offers over 20 product lines under the Buick, Chevrolet and Cadillac brands. Its products include luxury vehicles, economy and premium sedans, MPVs and SUVs, and hybrid and electric vehicles.
Pan Asia Technical Automotive Center Co., Ltd. (PATAC) is a 50-50 joint venture between GM and SAIC. It was founded on June 12, 1997. PATAC provides world-class automotive engineering services, including design, development, testing and validation. It has a full-scale vehicle and powertrain development capability. Its achievements include the development of the Chevrolet Sail 3, Buick Excelle GT and Buick GL8 luxury MPV for SAIC-GM, as well as the Chevrolet-FNR and Buick Velite concepts. PATAC is building a new R&D facility in Shanghai.
SAIC-GM (Shenyang) Norsom Motors Co., Ltd. is a joint venture formerly known as Jinbei General Motors. SAIC-GM holds a 50 percent stake and oversees management. GM China and SAIC each hold 25 percent stakes in the facility, which is located in Shenyang, Liaoning. It manufactures the Buick GL8, and Chevrolet Captiva and Cruze.
SAIC-GM Dong Yue Motors Co., Ltd. is a joint venture manufacturing facility situated in Yantai, Shandong. SAIC-GM holds a 50 percent stake and oversees management. GM China and SAIC each hold 25 percent stakes in the facility, which manufactures the Chevrolet Sail and Trax, and Buick Envision.
SAIC-GM Dong Yue Powertrain Co., Ltd. is a joint venture located in Yantai, Shandong. SAIC-GM owns 50 percent and oversees management. GM China and SAIC each own 25 percent. The facility supplies powertrains to SAIC-GM.
SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Co., Ltd. (SAIC-GM-Wuling) is a joint venture that was founded on November 18, 2002. GM China has a 44.0 percent stake, SAIC a 50.1 percent stake and Guangxi Automobile Group Co. Ltd. (the former Wuling Motors) a 5.9 percent stake. SAIC-GM-Wuling is based in Liuzhou, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southwestern China. It also has manufacturing bases in Qingdao, Shandong, and Chongqing Municipality. The joint venture manufactures a range of Wuling brand mini-trucks and minivans as well as a growing family of Baojun brand passenger vehicles.
Shanghai OnStar Telematics Co., Ltd. (Shanghai OnStar) is a Shanghai Municipality-based joint venture that provides a range of in-vehicle safety, security and communication services. It began rolling out its services in December 2009, initially in vehicles manufactured and distributed in China by SAIC-GM. GM subsidiary OnStar and SAIC subsidiary Shanghai Automotive Industry Sales Co. Ltd. (SAISC) each own 40 percent of the joint venture. SAIC-GM owns the remaining 20 percent. Shanghai OnStar operates call centers in Shanghai, Xiamen and Chongqing. It has almost 1 million subscribers, making it the leader in the Chinese telematics market.
FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle Co., Ltd. (FAW-GM) is a 50-50 joint venture between GM China and China FAW Group Corp. (FAW), one of China’s leading automakers. It was launched on August 30, 2009, and is based in Changchun, Jilin. FAW-GM is focused on the production and sale of light-duty trucks and vans. It also engages in R&D, exports and aftersales support. The joint venture has facilities in Changchun; Harbin, Heilongjiang; and Qujing, Yunnan.
SAIC-GMAC Automotive Finance Co., Ltd. (SAIC-GMAC) became China’s first approved and operational automotive financing company when it opened for business in August 2004. The joint venture between Shanghai Automotive Group Finance Co. Ltd. (SAICFC), GMAC UK PLC (a wholly owned subsidiary of GM) and SAIC-GM provides wholesale service and retail credit service to SAIC-GM dealers across China. SAIC-GMAC has provided service to more than 3 million customers. It is also providing service to nearly 7,000 dealers in more than 360 cities.
Shanghai Chengxin Used Car Operation and Management Co., Ltd. is a joint venture established by GM China, SAIC-GM and SAIC subsidiary Shanghai Automotive Industry Sales Co. Ltd. (SAISC) on October 28, 2010. GM China and SAIC-GM both have stakes of 33 percent, with SAISC holding the remaining 34 percent. The joint venture will cooperate with current distributors of SAIC-GM products in the establishment of dedicated used car sales and service facilities across China. The facilities will offer vehicles from SAIC-GM’s Buick, Cadillac and Chevrolet brands as well as selected brands from other automakers.
SAIC General Motors Sales Co., Ltd. is a joint venture between GM China and SAIC that was established on November 25, 2011. GM China has a 49 percent stake and SAIC a 51 percent stake.
GM China Advanced Technical Center (ATC) is the most comprehensive and advanced automotive development center in China. It includes research and development, advanced design, vehicle engineering, powertrain engineering and OnStar laboratories. As a member of GM’s global engineering and design network, the ATC is developing solutions for GM on a domestic and global basis while supporting the company’s vision. The first phase of the facility opened in September 2011 and the second phase opened in November 2012.
SAIC-GM/PATAC Guangde Proving Ground was opened by GM, SAIC, SAIC-GM and PATAC on September 22, 2012, in Guangde County, Anhui. The 5.67-square-kilometer proving ground is China’s largest. It includes more than 60 kilometers of test roads along with a comprehensive range of support facilities that enable it to carry out testing involving 70 different driving conditions. SAIC-GM and PATAC are overseeing the proving ground’s operation.